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Skin Renewal Doctors all have a broad knowledge, background and passion for aesthetic medicine. Please feel free to ask them your questions and concerns.

Conditions
Conditions

Sun Damaged Skin

Sun-damaged skin is associated with a range of cosmetic concerns - from pigmentation problems and blotchy, patchy skin to redness due to enlarged vessels or capillaries, all causing discolouration of the skin. Photo ageing caused by ultraviolet light exposure tends to act more on the surface of the skin. There are sun freckles or irregular pigmentation and dilated blood vessels, uneven skin tone, the visible signs of sun damage start to emerge and slowly but surely this is followed by lines, wrinkles and eventually, sagging.
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Cutaneous ageing signs of sun-damaged skin become visible from as early as the twenties, especially with excessive sun or environmental exposure. However, between the ages of 30 to 50 years, there is a sharp increase in the prevalence of skin changes clearly ascribable to photo-ageing. 

Characteristics of facial sun-damaged skin include fine and coarse wrinkle formation, pigmentation changes, discolouration, dry texture, loss of elasticity, loss of skin tone, sagging subcutaneous tissues, underlying muscle hypertrophy and volume loss in the face.

How does sun exposure age our skin?

Without protection from the sun's rays, just a few minutes of exposure each day over the years can cause noticeable changes to the skin. Freckles, age spots, dilated pores, uneven tone, spider veins on the face, rough and leathery skin, fine wrinkles that disappear when stretched, loose skin, a blotchy complexion, actinic keratoses (thick wart-like, rough, reddish patches of skin), and skin cancer can all be traced to sun exposure.

The skin ages when the epidermis (outer layer of the skin) begins to thin, causing the junction with the dermis (outer layer) to flatten. Sun-damaged skin has a thicker epidermis, which is "dead" and irregular. There is increased water loss from the skin and a decrease in the sebaceous glands, which provides natural moisture to the skin. More abnormal cells accumulate in aged skin, especially if there is chronic sun damage, which can lead to pre-cancerous and cancerous lesions.

Scientific studies have shown that repeated ultraviolet (UV) exposure breaks down collagen and impairs new collagen synthesis. The sun also attacks our elastin. Sun-damaged skin also causes chronic inflammation of the skin and an increase of elastin that clusters into thick bundles called solar elastosis. Collagen decreases as we age, and the bundles of collagen, which gives the skin turgor, become looser and lose strength.

People with fair skin who have a history of sun exposure develop more signs of sun damage than those with dark skin. In people of colour, the signs of sun damage are usually limited to fine wrinkles, a mottled complexion and sagging of the mid-face leading to under-eye bags.

The degree of sun damage as classified by Glogau:

1. Mild (age 28-35 years): Few wrinkles, no actinic keratosis (tender red dry spots), and requires little or no make-up.

2. Moderate (age 35-50 years): Early wrinkling, sallow complexion with early actinic keratosis( tender red dry spots), requires little make-up.

3. Advanced (age 50-60 years): Persistent wrinkling, discolouration of the skin with telangiectasia and actinic keratosis( tender red dry spots), always wear make-up.

4. Severe (age 65-70 years): Severe wrinkling, photo ageing, gravitational and dynamic forces affecting the skin, actinic keratosis ( tender red dry spots) with or without skin cancer, wears makeup with poor coverage.

In-Clinic treatments for Sun Damaged Skin include:

Injectable therapies performed by a Doctor:

Support treatments such as:

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Although there is often some pain involved, I absolutely love seeing Nicky at Skin Renewal! She is very knowledgeable, competent and professional. The bonus is that she has a great personality too, including her honesty. The best therapist by far! Thanks so much, Nicky!

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Excellent service, always flexible to adjust to my schedule, very professional, thorough, amazing attention to detail, deep knowledge of skin conditions & treatments, valuable advice on solutions/improvements. Overall great attention to client needs, Angelique is a true professional & expert in her area.

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As with any procedure, one is always apprehensive- this all vanished immediately as Liezel took me through and explained the procedure thoroughly. She was so gentle and pleasant! Thank you for a great first session.

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Tammy has been my therapist for about a year now. Her standards are exceptional. Her advice is always first class and backed by explanations. She is friendly and professional. Definitely the reason I keep coming back!

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